Communist Tax Lawyer

A news, research and discussion platform for monitoring the evolution of Communist and ex-Communist countries to market economies


Terms of Use

Terms of Use

Welcome to and other associated websites that may from time to time be created. We provide this website service for the use and reference of our subscribers and visitors. By using this website service, you agree to be bound by the terms and conditions contained in our disclaimer, privacy policy, copyright policy and other provisions as contained herein (collectively, the “Terms of Use”). Please review the Terms of Use carefully. Your continued use of the website service now, or following the posting of changes in the Terms of Use, will indicate acceptance by you of such Terms, changes, or modifications.


For disclaimers relating to the use of, please review the policies available here.

It is our intention to provide the best, most complete and most accurate information possible concerning as many topics as possible related to our website However, Communist Tax Lawyer (CTL) gives no warranty and makes no representation whether expressed or implied, that the information contained in this site is error free. The information is provided entirely “as-is” and the user/reader assumes full responsibility for the use and application of the information contained on this site. The entire risk as to the results and the performance of the information is assumed by the user, and in no event will CTL be liable for any consequential, incidental or direct damages suffered in the course of using the information in this archive.

The materials contained in this site are made available on the understanding that is not thereby engaged in rendering professional advice for a particular purpose. Before relying on the material, users should independently verify its relevance for their purposes, and should obtain any appropriate professional advice. In some cases, the material may include views or recommendations of third parties. Such material does not necessarily reflect the views of, or indicate a commitment to a particular course of action. Links to other websites are inserted for convenience and does not constitute endorsement of material at those sites, or any associated organization, product or service.

All messages made available as part of this website and any opinions, advice, statements or other information contained in any messages posted or transmitted by any third party are the responsibility of the author of that message and not of CTL (unless CTL is specifically identified as the author of the message).

External Links and other associated websites as may from time to time be create links to Internet sites maintained by third parties. CTL has no control over, or responsibility for, the content or policies of these sites and such sites are not investigated, monitored or checked for accuracy or completeness by us. Visitors who link to these third party sites should direct any concerns regarding any external link to the site administrator or Webmaster of such site.

Copyright Policy

All materials contained in our website (including, but not limited to text, photographs, graphics, video, multimedia material and audio content) is protected by copyright as a collective work or compilation under the copyright laws of the HK. Each individual article or other element as comprising this website service is also the subject of copyright by CTL or its licensors. Except for material expressly permitted by this Policy, you may not copy, distribute, republish, modify, or create derivative works from any part of this website service including code and software. You may download material from this site for your personal, non-commercial use only, provided that you maintain all copyright and other proprietary notices.

Privacy Policy

CTL is committed to responsible information handling practices. You can visit most pages on our site without giving us any information about yourself, but sometimes we need information to provide services that you request. This privacy statement explains data collection and use in those situations. By visiting our website, you consent to the information practices described in this policy.

Cookies and other Technologies

A cookie is a small data file that a website may send to your browser and which may then be stored on your hard drive. Our websites use cookies to simulate a continuous connection —cookies let us “remember” information about your preferences and session, and allow you to move within areas of our websites without reintroducing yourself. No personally identifiable information is stored in these cookies.

Our website may also use other technologies to track which pages on our websites our visitors view. This non-identifiable click-stream data helps us understand how visitors use our website.

Information Sharing

CTL may need to share personal information with third parties in limited circumstances. For example, we may release personal information to third parties to perform services on our behalf such as: advising you of our upcoming events, products, volunteer opportunities, or updated information. CTL may also make your name and postal address available to other nonprofit organizations whose services or activities may be of interest to you. However, third parties retained by CTL to provide such services are obligated to maintain the confidentiality of this information and are not authorized to use this information for any purpose other than providing those services.

From time to time, we may be required to provide personal information in response to a valid court order, subpoena, government investigation, or as otherwise required by law. We also reserve the right to report to law enforcement agencies any activities that we, in good faith, believe to be unlawful. We may release certain personal information when we believe that such release is reasonably necessary to protect the rights, property, and safety of others and ourselves.

Changes to the Terms of Use

This Terms of Use is subject to change without notice. We reserve the right to change the Terms of Use at any time. By continuing to use this service after such changes, you agree to be bound by such changes. We recommend that you review this site periodically to ensure that you are aware of all changes.


You agree to indemnify and hold harmless CTL, its employees, agents, and affiliates, from and against all losses, expenses, damages and costs, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, resulting from any violation of this Terms of Use or your use of We reserve the right to take over the exclusive defense of any claim for which we are entitled to indemnification under this paragraph. In such event, you shall provide us with such cooperation as is reasonably requested by us.


This Terms of Use comprises the entire understanding between the parties with respect to, and supersedes any prior understanding or agreement, oral or written, relating to the subject matter hereof. This Terms of Use shall be treated as though it were executed and performed in Hong Kong SAR (”HK”), and shall be governed and construed in accordance with the laws of the HK., without regard to conflict of law principles. All legal proceedings arising out of or in connection with this Terms of Use shall be brought solely in the HK. You expressly submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of said courts and consent to extra-territorial service of process. In connection with any litigation arising out of this Terms of Use, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover all costs incurred, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, whether incurred during settlement, at trial, or on appeal. Should any part of this Terms of Use be held invalid or unenforceable, that portion shall be construed consistent with applicable law and the remaining portions shall remain in full force and effect. To the extent that anything in or associated with the website service is in conflict or inconsistent with this Terms of Use, this Terms of Use shall govern. Our failure to enforce any provision of this Terms of Use shall not be deemed a waiver of such provision nor of the right to enforce such provision.

For More Information

If you have any questions about the Terms of Use, please contact us at: